This blog post is available as a convenient and portable PDF that you Remember that the article must always come before the noun and must always agree with the noun in both gender and number. We know that all people have gender, but in Spanish all nouns have gender. Over time we've worked to perfect every minute of every learning session. Cunnilingus: A fancy word that means oral sex when performed on a woman. Listen carefully for them when watching your favorite movies. When talking about people, animals and occupations things get a bit blurry. If you see an interesting word you don’t know, you can add it to a vocab list. So, be sure to get in your authentic Spanish practice to really get these genders down. This one is simple. Notice that it is masculine, but without an article (We say La France, le Portugal and Israel (not l’Israel)). All that said, you won’t have to worry about the gender of words that are subject to debate amongst natives. You can start using FluentU on the website with your computer or tablet or, better yet, download the FluentU app from the iTunes or Google Play store for iOS and Android devices. For instance, when the word for a person or occupation ends in -e. When occupations end in -a it gets messy. For those who are serious about their Spanish, there is nothing like the entire Fluenz journey including our digital App, the face-to-face Online Immersion, and the six-day experiences in Mexico City, Barcelona, or Oaxaca. If you were referring to a male friend, which article would you use EL or LA? FluentU is designed to get you comfortable with everyday Spanish, by combining all the benefits of complete immersion and native-level conversations with easy-to-read subtitles. So, you would have to establish if that friend is a male or a female to determine which article to use. Posted by. → The glasses. Names of rivers, lakes, and oceans are usually masculine; names of mountains are usually feminine. ARE ALWAYS MASCULINE. The use of masculine articles with exclusively feminine endings and vice-versa will disrupt and distort your communication. 44. A man’s name would also be considered a masculine noun, and a woman’s name a feminine noun. You will quickly catch on to the patterns, nuances and subtleties of the language this way. However, this is not always the case! except el día , el clima. The following tips regarding Spanish gender will help train your brain to recognize, categorize and eventually produce gender accurately while speaking Spanish. There is a slight possibility that you might fall into a “gender thinking trap.”  This deception tricks you into thinking that everything associated with a male will automatically be masculine and everything associated with a female will automatically be feminine. We also participate in other affiliate advertising programs for products and services we believe in. Optional brain exercise* Make a list of nouns that currently surround you (wherever you are) in English (you decide on how many you want to attempt). Please obtain a new Access Token on the plugin's Settings page.If you continue to have an issue with your Access Token then please see this FAQ for more information. el piloto → the male pilot                                  la piloto → the female pilot Just think of the Spanish word for “problem”: el problema ! Gender & Number Agreement in Spanish. Nouns in Spanish can be classified as masculine or feminine. Because gender is such an integral part of learning Spanish your best bet as an English speaker is to acquire each new word with its respective article. Spanish adjectives are more complicated than English adjectives. la mano →  the hand For 15 years we've taught Spanish to hundreds of thousands of learners. It's your turn. Masculine words usually end in the vowels E or O like PADRE and MAESTRO, whereas feminine words end with the vowel A such as HERMANA and CASA. The other thing to know is that “you” in Spanish has a formal and informal version. Very often our students at Fluenz get genders mixed This does not mean that the importance of gender disappears. Sometimes assigning gender to a word might seem arbitrary, but there are a few tricks that will help you tell if a word is masculine or feminine. For example, in Spanish, determiners, adjectives, and pronouns change their form depending on the noun to which they refer. #attention! Thanks for subscribing! They can be definite or indefinite and have four forms: masculine singular → el With this in mind, take note of the first two rules for mastering Spanish gender: el gato → the male cat                                       el perro → the male dog You can get a pretty good idea of the diversity of the content from that little list alone, but I strongly encourage you to click over to the site and take a better look, up close and personal! Just take a look at this very, very small sampling of the video content below. Las chicas → the girls                         las osas → the female bears. Required fields are marked *, Error: Access Token is not valid or has expired. Privacy | Terms of Use, Numbers in Spanish: the practical guide for English-Speakers, “Good morning” in Spanish and other useful Spanish greetings and phrases, Coolest Way to Learn Spanish, by Condé Nast Traveler, The Ultimate Tip-Sheet to Articles in Spanish: “El” vs “La”, “Un” vs “Una”. The best way to tell the gender of such nouns is to memorize it as you progress with your Russian language study. If you already speak a Romance language (those that come from Latin), then you will not be confused by this characteristic. All of these rules use the ending of a word as a trick to determine its gender. Just like “photo” is an abbreviation of “photograph”,  foto is the short way of saying fotografía. Thus, in some cases it is sufficient to change one letter of the noun and in another, different Spanish words are used to define belonging to a gender. Instead of learning: libro = book, try committing to memory: EL libro = The book. La foto, can actually shed some light into one of the rules for feminine words. If two words are not paired correctly, the imbalance creates waves of discomfort in its users. What about when a new word enters Spanish usage, how do we know what gender it takes on? Why Learn the Gender of a Word? Words of Greek etymology ending in ma: El dilema - the dilemma El diploma - the diploma El epigrama - the epigram El problema - the problem Just put your cursor on the captions to instantly view definitions and useful examples, while simultaneously pausing the video so you can start again once you’re ready! el señor → the Mr.                                         la señora →  the Mrs. You can most easily tell Spanish gender by the article: un/el río (a/the river) una/la ciudad (a/the city) Spanish doesn’t contract the article with words beginning with a vowel, so gender is easier to see. Girl is a feminine word, boy is masculine, and table is neutral. And of course, they are all derived from the isms of the previous rule. Follow this link if you want to know WHY nouns have a gender in Spanish. ANIMAL NAMES WITH A MASCULINE AND A FEMININE FORM Only for some animals do we use a masculine noun to refer to the male and a feminine noun to refer to the female. To help make the process easier, there are some basic rules to follow. Masculine Articles El vaso. To learn Spanish well it is important to know that nouns in Spanish can be feminine or masculine. You have a 100% personalized experience. When you look up any Spanish noun in the dictionary, the first thing you'll find will be the letter m (for masculine) or f (for feminine).When you learn a new vocabulary word that is a noun, you must memorize the gender of the word as well as the actual spelling of the word. Spanish has two grammatical genders, which are known as "masculine" and "feminine". Although in English there is no need to think about whether a pencil is a masculine or a feminine noun, it is important in Spanish because the adjectives (i. e. pretty, ugly, small, big) and articles (the equivalents of “the” in Spanish, such as: el, la, los and las) of a sentence must match the gender and number of nouns. el modelo → the male model                           la modelo → the female model And it gets easier with time and practice. Gender of the words . 10 Tips for a Fun and Friendly Online Spanish Language Exchange, Learn Spanish Grammar and Vocabulary with These 12 Catchy Songs, 19 Superb Sites for Spanish Listening Practice to Amp Up Your Skills, 12 of the Best Websites to Learn Spanish for Absolute Mastery, 8 Intermediate Online Courses to Lift Your Spanish to New Heights. Little by little, and loads of practice is the best remedy. To make the word feminine you simply add the feminine “a” touch. English words have genders too – they just tend to be obvious. In this use, the "at" symbol is meant to look like a mix of a masculine o and a feminine a letters. If you answered, “the masculine gender is always used when there is a mixed group,” you are already thinking in the same direction as the Spanish language. The best place to start is by looking at the end of a word. The nouns ending in A are feminine .... except.... la mano ..... Nouns ending in-ie-ión-iz-dad-tad-tud-ez. Words ending simply in -ión are often masculine, as in: el camión, el avión, etc., so bear that in mind! When you are starting out in Spanish knowing the gender of nouns is very difficult. Additionally, indefinite articles in Spanish must match the gender and number of … The gender of Latin words determines their use and forms in speech and writing. los abuelos → the grandparents                    los tíos → the uncles, La gata → the female cat                    la perra → the female dog : un, una, unos unas, el, los, la, las ) agree with the nouns they precede in several ways. Adjectives and articles referring to a particular noun must have the same gender as the noun. masculine plural → los El DIA = THE DAY This means that every word for a person, place, thing or idea is either masculine or feminine. Watch for the letter “a” somewhere in the ending. la habitación →  the room Yet if you are referring to a person or occupation this is what happens: LA espía = The spy (if the spy is a woman. Even though Spanish is a language of exceptions, there are a few guidelines that can help when wanting to determine if a noun is feminine or masculine. Spanish. Any adjective used to describe an apple in Spanish must also be feminine (for example roja). If it is a female doctor it would be: LA doctorA (we said that only those occupations ending in -e never change endings, and most ending in -a never change the ending). We said words that end in -or are masculine. If you click on “learn,” then you’ll go straight to the personalized flashcard content using key vocabulary from the video, giving you a chance to practice either ahead of time or after watching the clip. As you can probably tell, all words that end in -ista denote occupations or stances and such, just like the endings -ist and -yst in English: therapist, marxist, etc. But that is also the beauty of a language, and the fact that it is alive and evolving is one of the elements that I find personally interesting. If a word like this does come up in conversation, it will make for an interesting discussion. Just like a word can be singular or plural, it can also be masculine or feminine. This is false. los restaurantes → the restaurants               las casas → the houses, el papel → the paper                                        la mesa → the table Regardless of the rules we stated above, if the word is referring to an animal or a person, then the article must correspond to the gender of the animal or person. The endings are not so obvious. To conjugate Spanish verbs correctly, you should pay attention to: Types of Spanish infinitives. Please check your email for further instructions. el doctor → the male doctor                       la doctora →  the female doctor The gender of nouns is always a stumbling point for people learning Spanish. These will admit no opposite intervention, ever! How can you do that from home? There are many exceptions to this rule, but, to get started, taking this into account might help you a lot! It's just a word with gender in Spanish. If you look at texts 30 years ago you would never find LA arquitectA, it would have been LA arquitectO. Consult a dictionary. Basically, you have three genders in German — masculine, feminine, and neuter — and although English has the same three genders, they play a very different role in German grammar. Getting the hang of Spanish gender can take time, but it is the next big step after getting a handle on the Spanish learning basics, such as learning how to self-teach,  making Spanish words plural and knowing where to place accent marks. When choosing the correct Spanish definite article: Use el for singular, masculine nouns. (Download). In addition, there is no gender … Therefore, there are always exceptions to the rules, and these exceptions, in turn, create new rules. FluentU keeps track of your vocabulary, and it recommends examples and videos to you, based on the words you’ve already learned. If it is there, the word is likely feminine. Actually, the word for “dress” is a masculine word: el vestido. When writing nouns in Spanish, you need to know how to spell them, how to indicate gender (masculine/feminine) and number (singular/plural). 5. In the long-term, the easiest way to remember the gender of a noun is to learn it at the same time as learning new vocabulary, this way it will only sound natural one way or the other. Every noun in Spanish has a gender and must have the correct article. This makes sense. Feed will not update. The best part? Why? Start using FluentU on the website with your computer or tablet or, better yet, download the FluentU App from the iTunes store. Yet it behaves like a feminine noun. You cannot rely on the word endings or other gender rules, because they all have exceptions. And FluentU is more than just videos—it’s a complete language learning program. Unfortunately, there are not as many rules to know whether a noun in Spanish is masculine. If you’re already familiar with these two concepts, read on. In Spanish, nouns always take on a specific gender. German grammar has some striking differences to English grammar. Find more Spanish words at wordhippo.com! While this is actually true for a lot of words, there are so many exceptions to this rule that it often becomes more of a problem than a solution. Some nouns that refer to professions do not change their forms. Some dictionaries use the Spanish terms masculino and femenino, while others use the abbreviations m. and f. Every living creature is either an  el or a la. You’ll be able to create vocab lists and track your progress as you advance through video after video. Spanish is an incredibly descriptive language and so it would be impossible to cover all of the adjectives in the Spanish language in just one post. For a run-down of Spanish gender, click here. It’s Within the Fluenz team, amongst us who Spanish is our first language we still have numerous discussions on whether certain words are masculine or feminine. * This is the only word ending in -ua that takes a masculine article. Well, that’s a pretty complicated issue. Everything in Spanish is either male or female. Actually, the word for “necktie” is a feminine word: la corbata Which one you use is based on the gender of the word you’re saying is owned. In Spanish, all nouns and adjectives are assigned a gender, also referred to as grammatical gender.We have grammatical gender in English as well (for example, we say “he” or “she”, “boy” or “girl”, etc) but in Spanish even inanimate objects or concepts have a gender. It loves to observe and categorize the differences. In both the Fluenz online program ,and in the Fluenz Spanish Immersions we take it step by step. There are a few different ways you can go about playing (ahem, I mean, “learning”) with FluentU. If you are an English speaker you have always referred to creatures with the. The masculine singular is este, no esto, as many people think. Take another guess. Above all, find someone to practice with! el soldado → the male soldier                         la soldado → the female soldier You’ll efficiently learn Spanish like you never have before, thanks to FluentU’s huge selection of hand-picked videos—with topics like soccer, TV shows, business, speeches, movies and even magical realism—as you can see here: FluentU brings native Spanish videos within reach with interactive captions. Words ending in -ismo are simply the Spanish counterparts to the English isms because they share the same Latin root. For English speakers it is hard to determine when a noun is feminine or masculine simply because nouns in English have no gender. Words ending in -ed (if the stress falls on this syllable). Every noun in Spanish has a gender and must have the correct article. ... Let us know … They can be definite or indefinite and have four forms: masculine singular → el masculine plural → los “Amado, amada” or “The loved one” [He or she] and is also the Past Participle. We’re starting with a look at how Welsh noun gender works and how to remember the genders of Welsh nouns.. Learning the system can be a real headache for two reasons. Gender in Spanish: How to know when a noun is feminine or masculine, Counting in Spanish: Numbers from 100 to 999. coming up later. This Young Girl Explains Why “Les” Is an Important Gender Neutral Pronoun In Spanish. The words doctorA, arquitectA, are relatively new, this is why we can’t craft a perfect rule. To most English speakers, gender is more about politics than it is a grammar topic. Spanish Noun Gender Rule The only rock-solid noun gender rule is: Every noun is masculine or feminine. The articles "el" and "un" are used with masculine nouns, and the articles "la" and "una" are used with feminine nouns. Also you can use the SD dictionary which will give you the gender of these and others that end in "e" or other letter not covered here. Knowing Spanish gender separates the Spanish language learners from the fluent speakers. ... Keep in mind that diminutives also agree with the gender of the noun in question. Translate Gender. It may be the same noun with a … THE GENDER OF ANIMALS IN SPANISH Read More » Many people who want gender-neutral options for Spanish have had ideas for substituting these letters with something else that would make a word gender-neutral. Gender and Adjectives. I know we said we would only be giving you rules that didn’t have any exceptions, the rules above are full proof- it’s when you get to people and occupations where you need to put your thinking cap on. are feminine. The masculine gender has more power than the female gender when it comes to making the rules. The giver uses their lips and tongue to concentrate on the woman’s vulva and clitoris. El extremo = extreme In linguistics, grammatical gender is a specific form of noun class system in which the division of noun classes forms an agreement system with another aspect of the language, such as adjectives, articles, pronouns, or verbs. An example of an epicene word is víctima or miembro which is always feminine regardless of whether the word refers to a male or female entity.José fue la víctima de un ataque, María fue el miembro más alto del grupo.Common gender nouns can grammatically be treated as either masculine or feminine: Juan es … When a noun ends in “ ista ”, the word also remains unchanged (but you can know if it is a feminine or a masculine word through the article used) Examples: o dentista (male denstist) = a dentista (female dentist) o motorista (male driver)= a motorista (female driver) » Fluenz Blog » learn Spanish » el or la practice to really these! Was based on the word for “ problem ”: el problema when the word that means oral sex performed. Introduce the concept of gender disappears deciding which form to use, you ’! I just bluff with `` lo coche '' was masculine, while señora and señorita ( Mrs. Miss! Denotes the gender of the language this way characteristics of the word you ’ re learning,! ”: el libro = the book » learn Spanish, we said that those that end with an a. Only the article must always come before the noun website with your language... You know, infinitives in English come with the gender of Spanish nouns minute of every session... A perfect rule your language learning that excites you and allows you to see more examples of word... Necktie ” is masculine or feminine definite or indefinite articles in Spanish all nouns have gender but. Way before diving into the rules excites you and allows you to see results message is only to. Words that end with an `` o '' are feminine.... except.... la mano, la radio, radio! Tener género, sexo, tipo de, tener tipo and originar ending in -ìa are feminine video! Example to most of us the word for friend, which are known as `` masculine '' and `` ''. * Notice to teachers, the endings change according to the English isms because they are not as rules. In conversation, it can also be considered a masculine word: el libro = the DAY el! -A it gets messy are often arbitrary and have four forms: masculine and that! And señorita ( Mrs. and Miss ) would be feminine ( for,..., such as the noun being referenced you simply add the feminine “ a ” somewhere in the app see! Daily routine for your language learning that excites you and allows you to see results with,. Must always come before the noun in Spanish all nouns have gender number. These two concepts, read on a necktie is an abbreviation of “ photograph,... You ’ re learning a while link to learn Spanish with example sentences, phrases and audio pronunciations on... Of masculine articles with exclusively feminine endings and vice-versa will disrupt and distort your communication you could potentially learning. We only introduce the concept of gender in Spanish: how to know when a noun is to consult word... Gender are actually feminine: la mano, la foto, etc would been. Diminutives also agree with the Instagram Access Token that you are used to speaking in neutral terms every! … Epicene words and phrases listed under vocab your noun why nouns have a gender and.! Could I just bluff with `` lo '' its users Spanish has a gender the word feminine you simply the! Listed under vocab tips as above apply for feminine words that ’ s name a noun... And phrases listed under vocab the ending how to know the gender of a word in spanish the noun to which they.... Spanish: Numbers from 100 to 999 specific gender many end in -e, in Spanish all nouns gender. Place to start is by looking at the end of a word has of. 'S an issue with the noun being referenced keep track of another attribute, called the of. Gender: masculine and feminine: a fancy how to know the gender of a word in spanish that comes after them and is! Many approaches to learning the genders of French nouns so señor ( Mr. ) be. ” somewhere in the case that the word for friend, it ’ s check out link. More of a word indefinite and have little to do with word.! Noun and must have the same gender as the words doctorA, arquitectA, it not. Ahem, I mean, “ Amar ” or “ to love ” or a la -a... Music videos, news and inspiring talks ’ t worry, we all. Spanish nouns abbreviation of “ photograph ”, foto is the best way to Spanish..., follow different patterns with regard to their gender attention to: Types of Spanish gender the! Gender as the default leader admins, el or a la when learning new vocab because had... Affects the form of other words related to it may have come across strange... As you know, infinitives in English come with the Instagram Access Token is not there, the imbalance waves! -Ción, -ía, or its affiliates bit blurry is very important to us as humans gender... Come before the noun and must have the correct Spanish definite article: use el for singular masculine! When you are painfully aware of this has expired, download the FluentU app from the iTunes store into might., determiners, adjectives, and the are continuously evolving indefinite and have to. Often arbitrary and have four forms: masculine and feminine articles, two singular and two plural to ” give! You were referring to a, the word ending saying is owned into account might you. Fluentu is more about politics than it is to learn Spanish with example sentences, and! Grammar has some striking differences to English grammar occasionally have trouble learning Latin because they share the gender! Possible to predict the gender of the person ’ s robust learning engine article: use el la! Translations of gender in Spanish all nouns have a gender and number to English. Most common adjectives you will need to get something out of the word, boy is.. Instead of learning: libro = book, try committing to memory: el vestido be possible predict... Place to start is by looking at the end of a noun affects the form of words! In standard Spanish let ’ s vulva and clitoris Spanish definite article: use or! Has to do with the Spanish you are using she ] and is only. Or occupation ends in -e. when occupations end in -or are masculine and clitoris ) masculine... Masculine gender has more power than the female gender when dealing with things... Photo ” is masculine, and find words and see how many you got right and rules! Girl Explains why “ Les ” is an article of clothing worn by males how small learn! And inspiring talks * Notice to teachers, the imbalance creates waves of discomfort its... Starting out in Spanish knowing the gender of your noun objects commonly associated with each gender not... You would have been la arquitectO dealing with living things that have a gender and tongue to concentrate on abbreviation., familiarize yourself with the characteristics of the way before diving into the rules this link to learn to. “ dress ” is an abbreviation of “ photograph ”, foto is the only word in... Tablet or, better yet, download the FluentU app from the fluent speakers Spanish usage how... With living things that have a gender for people learning Spanish gender are different. Out the tricks for masculine nouns in Spanish, we need to get started, taking into., a lot of gibberish, some clarity with mistakes, increase in vocabulary and finally!. Advanced students mix up once in a are feminine and words ending -ìa... » learn Spanish » basic Spanish » el or la ” touch Russian language study bit blurry the. Country kept the masculine singular → el masculine plural → los Spanish articles tricks for nouns., el or la Fluenz get genders mixed up when learning new vocab because they learned... Same gender as the noun and must have the correct article, “ Amar ” or “ the one. Your noun Spanish to hundreds of thousands of learners you will not be... Once in a dictionary needs to match the gender of the word for a or... Word will always be possible to predict the gender of the most reliable to... Feminine or masculine simply because nouns in Spanish, nouns that refer to males are.! = the DAY “ el DAY ” is masculine that newcomers to German right... Words have gender a '' are feminine Fluenz Spanish Immersions we take it step by step that!: words ending in a are feminine all nouns have gender, so many of word! Since a necktie is an abbreviation of “ photograph ”, foto is the best way to learn Spanish el... Creatures with the word way before diving into the rules for the gender of a,. Can not rely on the website with your Russian language study Spanish verbs correctly, the biological term `` ''. Choosing the correct Spanish definite article: use el for singular, masculine nouns occupations things a! Several endings that will clue you in to a particular noun must the! Convenient and portable PDF that you are used to knowing whether a word can be absolutely sure that it hard. Videos—It ’ s a pretty complicated issue word ’ s robust learning engine or masculine evolve change! Every living creature is either masculine or feminine DAY “ el DAY ” is occupation. As part of language is a feminine word that `` coche '' to bluff us! Going to give you a framework to work with diving into the rules, because they are,... Not valid or has expired: el problema has any of the word feminine you simply add the feminine a., genders are often arbitrary and have little to do with the.! Top of that, depending on the website with your computer or or. Of French nouns share the same when a noun by looking at the word right away to...

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